1. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 11

    Field trials with low nicotine tobacco varieties developed by conventional breeding technique: first results

    MALPICA A.(1); EVANS W.(2); ARCHIBALD C.(3); SCOTT L.(4); GARWE D.(5); CHAMANGO A.M.Z.(6); DORLHAC de BORNE F.(7); COLARD S.(8)
    (1) Bergerac Seed and Breeding, Bergerac, France; (2) Imperial Tobacco South Africa Pvt. Ltd, Umhlanga, Durban, South Africa; (3) Alliance One International Services, Camberley, Surrey, U.K.; (4) Universal Leaf Tobacco Co., Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (5) Tobacco Research Board (TRB), Harare, Zimbabwe; (6) Agricultural Research & Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi; (7) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Bergerac, France; (8) SEITA - Imperial Brands plc, Paris, France
    In 2015, the World Health Organisation (WHO) Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation (“TobReg”) issued an advisory note recommending a strategy of reducing nicotine in tobacco to substantially lower levels of 0.4 mg/g. In the U.S., the Food and Drug ...
  2. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 13

    Genetic diversity of potato virus Y infecting tobacco in major tobacco growing fields in Northern Vietnam

    NGUYEN VAN C.(1); NGUYEN VAN D.(2); VAN LE S.(2)
    (1) Vietnam Tobacco Institute, Hanoi, Vietnam; (2) Vietnam Institute of Biotechnology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Potato virus Y (PVY) is the type member of genus Potyvirus and one of the most common species and most pernicious of Potyvirus. PVY has a wide host range and infects several important solanaceous crops, including potato, tomato and tobacco. In Vietnam, ...
  3. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 15

    Effect of potato virus Y on growth, yield and chemical composition of flue-cured tobacco in Northern Vietnam

    NGUYEN VAN C.; HONG NGUYEN T.; THI DO T.
    Vietnam Tobacco Institute, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Potato virus Y (PVY) is a plant virus that causes significant losses to tobacco. PVY damage is severe in the tobacco growing provinces Lang Son and Bac Giang with disease rates from 10-45 %, with some areas infected 100 %. The objective of this study was ...
  4. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 22

    Bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) resistant flue-cured hybrids - current Malawi situation

    SIBANDE L.A.G.O.; CHAMANGO A.M.Z.; MATEWERE M.; KHUMBANYIWA A.G.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    In Malawi, flue-cured tobacco production is negatively affected by both aerial and soil borne diseases. Bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) is one of the major soil borne diseases that attack the crop, reducing cured leaf yield and quality. Currently ...
  5. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, AP 15

    Effect of priming as a practice for improving yield and quality of flue-cured tobacco in Malawi

    MTONGA Y.P.; MUMBA J.B.; GOMONDA R.W.J.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    Priming of leaves improves yield and quality of flue-cured tobacco. A field experiment was conducted at three locations in Malawi during the 2013 to 2016 cropping seasons. The aim was to investigate the effect of priming bottom leaves on yield and quality ...
  6. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, AP 21

    Polypot system: a cost saving practice for improved tobacco seedling quality in Malawi

    MTONGA Y.P.; MUMBA J.B.; GOMONDA R.W.J.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    This trial investigated a tobacco seedling production system known as the Polypot which is a slight variant of the Motherbed. It aimed to evaluate the effectiveness, benefits and challenges of the Polypot in relation to the other seedling production ...
  7. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, APPOST 04

    Developing flue-cured tobacco hybrids with combined resistance to granville wilt and root-knot nematodes and angular leaf spot in Malawi

    SIBANDE L.A.G.O.; CHAMANGO A.M.Z.; GOMONDA R.W.J.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    Flue-cured tobacco production in Malawi is constrained by both soil-borne (root-knot nematodes and Granville wilt) and aerial borne (angular leaf spot and alternaria brown spot) diseases. To address these multiple challenges, a breeding programme was ...
  8. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, APPOST 09

    Sustaining low TSNA levels in Malawi Burley tobacco using the LC Protocol

    CHAMANGO A.M.Z.(1); SIBANDE L.A.G.O.(1); JACK A.M.(2); GOMONDA R.W.J.(1); JI H.(2); MPHEMBERA A.(1); MWANYONGO A.(1); MSANGOSOKO K.R.(1); KHUMBANYIWA A.G.(1); KUMWENDA R.L.N.(1)
    (1) Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi; (2) University of Kentucky, Kentucky Tobacco Research and Development Center, Lexington, KY, U.S.A.
    Burley tobacco has variable levels of conversion of nicotine to nornicotine, the precursor for the main Burley tobacco specific nitrosamine (TSNA), N’-nitrosonornicotine (NNN). Malawian tobacco is inherently low in TSNA levels, affording a competitive ...
  9. CORESTA Congress, Berlin, 2016, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, AP 11

    Linking liming and soil nutrients availability: bridging the gap on knowledge of the effect of liquid liming agents as soil pH correction tools for improved yields and quality of flue-cured tobacco in Malawi

    MTONGA Y.P.(1); MUMBA J.B.(1); GOMONDA R.W.J.(1); KHUMBANYIWA A.G.(1); LOCKINGTON I.(2)
    (1) Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi; (2) Greenbelt Fertilisers Ltd, Kanengo, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Malawi soils are highly weathered and acidic resulting in fixation of Phosphorus (P), Potassium (K) and Nitrogen (N) into insoluble forms with iron (Fe) and aluminium (Al) which are inaccessible by plants. Soil pH correction through liming to neutralise ...
  10. CORESTA Congress, Berlin, 2016, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 10

    Breeding for disease resistant dark-fire-cured tobacco in Malawi

    CHAMANGO A.M.Z.; GOMONDA R.W.J.; MAINJENI C.E.D.; MSANGOSOKO K.R.; KHUMBANYIWA A.G.; KASANGA T.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    Dark fire-cured tobacco (DFC) is the third most important tobacco type grown in Malawi after Burley and flue-cured. With Malawi Western, MW 86-57 and AWL 28 as the leading approved DFC varieties for production in Malawi, the local and regional ...