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189 results

  1. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, AP 40

    Progress in breeding and biocontrol dual approaches for tobacco broomrape management

    MALPICA A.(1); GUINCHARD L.(2); BACHET S.(1); VACHER C.(3); GATARD L.(4); REIBEL C.(2); GAUTHERON N.(2); EDELHERMANN V.(2); STEINBERG C.(2); GIBOT LECLERC S.(2)
    (1) Bergerac Seed & Breeding, Bergerac, France; (2) Agroécologie (AgroSup Dijon, INRA, Univ. Bourgogne Franche-Comté), Dijon, France; (3) Arvalis, Institut du Vegetal, Bergerac, France; (4) Coopérative CT2F, Maison de l’Agriculture, Schiltigheim, France
    Tobacco broomrape (Phelipanche ramosa, Phelipanche aegyptiaca and Orobanche Cernua) is a widespread parasitic plant from the Orobanchaceae family, that causes important damage in tobacco crops. Broomrape is mainly present in Europe, Middle East and Asia ...
  2. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, AP 43

    Tobacco crop protection against blue mould: what strategy with organic and biocontrol products?

    KANE K.(1); LEROY J-L.(1); VALADE P.(1); GOUDOUNECHE J-L.(1); GUERY B.(2); BRAY O.(3); MECHENIN V.(3); TARASCOU M.(3); SALGADO J.(3)
    (1) Arvalis Institut du Végétal, Bergerac, France; (2) Service Régional de l'Alimentation (SRAL) Aquitaine - Direction Générale de l’Alimentation (DGAL), France; (3) Fédération Régionale de Défense contre les Organismes Nuisibles (FREDON) Aquitaine, Villenave-d'Ornon, France
    Blue mould, Peronospora tabacina, is one of the most dangerous diseases for tobacco crops in Europe and particularly in France. Protection against this disease is systematic during the period of high risk as all registered crop protection agents are ...
  3. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, AP 39

    Identification of genetic determinants controlling cadmium accumulation in tobacco

    BERTRAND J.(1); JULIO E.(2); COTUCHEAU J.(2); DORLHAC DE BORNE F.(2); BERTHOMIEU P.(1)
    (1) UMR de Biochimie et Physiologie Moléculaire des Plantes, INRA/CNRS/Montpellier SupAgro/Université Montpellier, Montpellier, France; (2) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Leaf Research, La Tour, Bergerac, France
    Cadmium is a toxic heavy metal naturally absorbed and accumulated by plants. It is present in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) leaves and potentially in the smoke of cigarettes. Reducing the cadmium content in leaves of tobacco plants requires a better ...
  4. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, AP 53

    Interactions between tobacco bushy top virus and its satellite RNA

    MO Xiaohan(1); ZHANG Lifang(1,2); ZHAO Xingneng(1,2); XU Ping(1,2); LI Yanqiong(1,2); XIA Zhenyuan(1); QIN Xiyun(1); CHEN Hairu(2)
    (1) Yunnan Academy of Tobacco Agricultural Sciences, Kunming, P.R. China; (2) College of Plant Protection, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming, P.R. China
    Tobacco bushy top disease (TBTD) has caused significant yield and economic losses in Yunnan Province, China. The disease is caused by an unique virus complex consisting of tobacco bushy top virus (TBTV), TBTV satellite RNA, tobacco vein distorting virus, ...
  5. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, AP 55

    Genetic and functional analysis of va resistance durability to Potato virus Y in tobacco

    JULIO E.(1); MICHEL V.(2); COTUCHEAU J.(1); DORLHAC DE BORNE F.(1); GLAIS L.(3.4); JACQUOT E.(5); DECROOCQ V.(2); CANDRESSE T.(2); GERMAN-RETANA S.(2)
    (1) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Leaf Research, La Tour, Bergerac, France; (2) INRA et Université de Bordeaux, UMR 1332 BFP, BP81, Villenave d’Ornon, France; (3) FN3PT/RD3PT, Paris, France; (4) INRA, UMR1349 IGEPP, Le Rheu, France; (5) INRA-Cirad-Supagro Montpellier, UMR BGPI, Montpellier, France
    Many recessive resistances against potyviruses are mediated by eukaryotic translation initiation factors (eIF4E). In tobacco, the va resistance gene commonly used to control PVY corresponds to a large (almost 1Mb) deletion affecting a copy of eIF4E ...
  6. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, APPOST 12

    Di@gnoPlant® Tobacco: a mobile tool to identify tobacco diseases

    BLANCARD D.(1); ARMAND J.M.(1); MARIGNAC E.(2)
    (1) INRA, UMR Santé et Agroécologie de la Vigne, ISVV - IFR103, Villenave-d'Ornon, France; (2) CORESTA, Paris, France
    In order to reduce the use of crop protection agents in the field, the early and reliable identification of diseases and the detection of emergent pests have proven to be crucial stages in plant protection. An early diagnosis enables implementation of the ...
  7. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2017, 71, abstr. 123

    The regulation of microorganism on the formation of TSNAs in tobacco

    ZOU Congming; XIA Zhenyuan; LEI Liping; HUANG Wei; ZHAO Gaokun; JIN Yan; WU Qun
    Yunnan Academy of Tobacco Agricultural Sciences, Kunming, China
    TSNAs in tobacco are directly approved to be the carcinogens which is getting more and more attention than before. The regulation of TSNAs is becoming one of the most important topics of tobacco harm reduction. It has been shown that TSNAs formation is ...
  8. CORESTA Congress, Berlin, 2016, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, AP 27

    An alternative solution for suckers’ control in leaf tobacco production

    KANE K.(1); N’GUYEN CHAUME C.(2)
    (1) ARVALIS - Institut du végétal, Bergerac, France; (2) JADE International, Mérignac, France
    In France, sucker control is practised on all tobacco crops, currently using two active substances registered for conventional production: 1-decanol and maleic-hydrazide (MH). 1-decanol is used on any tobacco type. An inconvenience is that, according to ...
  9. CORESTA Congress, Berlin, 2016, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, AP 50

    Reducing production costs of French Burley tobacco by mechanisation of stripping with Cured Plant Segmenting/Separator System CP3S

    GOUDOUNECHE J.L.(1); DAY G.B.(2); SMITH T.D.(2); WELLS L.G.(2)
    (1) ARVALIS - Institut du végétal, Service Génétique Physiologie et Protection des Plantes, Bergerac, France; (2) University of Kentucky, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Lexington, KY, U.S.A.
    In 2011 ARVALIS and the University of Kentucky started a partnership in order to offer cheaper means of production and allow specialisation of French tobacco farmers. The first steps were completed between 2011 and 2014 as follows: Adaptation of French ...