1. CROM Symposium, Online, 2020, CROM 01

    A consortium approach for consumer-reported outcome measures for assessing tobacco and nicotine-containing products

    ACQUADRO C.(1); AFOLALU E.F.(2); BLACK R.A.(3); CAHOURS X.(4); CHREA C.(2); CLERC E.(2); CURTIN G.(5); EVANS S.(6); GILES L.(7); MacCAFFREY S.(3); PARK H.(8); PRASAD K.(9); SARKAR M.(10); SHIFFMAN S.(11); WEI Lay(10)
    (1) ICON PLC, Lyon, France; (2) Philip Morris Products SA, Switzerland; (3) JUUL Labs, Inc., USA; (4) Imperial Brands, France; (5) RAI Services Company, USA; (6) Turning Point Brands, USA; (7) JT International SA, Switzerland; (8) KT&G Research Institute, Republic of Korea; (9) British American Tobacco, U.K.; (10) Altria Client Services, USA; (11) Pinney Associates, USA
    The continuum of risk of tobacco products is generally accepted among public health authorities, where combustible products like cigarettes are the most risky and noncombustible products are at the lower end of the continuum. Adult smokers (AS)...
  2. CROM Symposium, Online, 2020, CROM 05

    Establishing traceability of self-reported dependence measurement through the use of crosswalks

    SALZBERGER T.(1); CANO S.(2); ABETZ-WEBB L.(3); AFOLALU E.F.(4); CHREA C.(4); WEITKUNAT R.(4); ROSE J.(6)
    (1) WU Wien (University of Economics and Business), Institute for Statistics and Mathematics, Austria; (2) Modus Outcomes, UK; (3) Patient-Centered Outcomes Assessments, UK; (4) PMI R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Switzerland; (6) Rose Research Center, LLC, USA
    Measurement in the social sciences has been characterized by deficient justification and underdeveloped conceptual theories. Instruments supposed to measure the same measurand typically do not provide comparable measurements. From the perspective of...
  3. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2019, Hamburg, ST 09

    The ABOUT™ Toolbox: toward the development of consumer-reported outcome measures that matter

    CHREA C.(1); SPIES E.(1); AFOLALU E.(1); BACSO A.(1); CLERC E.(1); MAINY N.(1); BINGGELI P.(1); WEITKUNAT R.(1); ACQUADRO C.(2); SALZBERGER T.(3); CANO S.(4); ABETZ-WEBB L.(5); ROSE J.(6)
    (1) PMI R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Neuchatel, Switzerland; (2) Mapi, an ICON plc Company, Lyon, France; (3) University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria; (4) ScaleReport, Ltd, Stotfold, U.K.; (5) Patient-Centered Outcomes Assessments, Ltd, Macclesfield Cheshire, U.K.; (6) Rose Research Center, Raleigh, U.S.A.
    Tobacco harm reduction promotes the substitution of reduced-risk products (RRPs) for cigarettes by adult smokers who would otherwise continue to smoke, while preventing RRP initiation among non-users. To operationalize this public health strategy,...
  4. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2019, Hamburg, ST 11

    Development and validation of the ABOUT™–Dependence measurement instrument to assess perceived dependence on tobacco and nicotine products

    AFOLALU E.(1); CHREA C.(1); SALZBERGER T.(2); ABETZ-WEBB L.(3); CANO S.(4); WEITKUNAT R.(1); ROSE J.(5)
    (1) PMI R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Neuchatel, Switzerland; (2) University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria; (3) Patient-Centered Outcomes Assessments, Ltd, Macclesfield Cheshire, U.K.; (4) Modus Outcomes, Letchworth Garden City, U.K.; (5) Rose Research Center, Raleigh, U.S.A.
    The development of the ABOUT™–Dependence measurement instrument was initiated to enable assessment of perceived dependence associated with the use of different tobacco and nicotine products (TNPs) and in users of multiple TNPs. We initially developed...
  5. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2019, Hamburg, ST 13

    Importance of e-liquid preparation and stability characterization for a combinatorial safety assessment approach of flavors in e-liquids

    GLABASNIA A.(1); DIANA P.(1); SMITH C.(2); MILLER J.H.(2); BIASIOLI M.(1); FRAUENDORFER F.(1); SCIUSCIO D.(1); MARTIN E.(1); POSPISIL P.(1); GUY P.(1); VANSCHEEUWIJCK P.(1); HOENG J.(1); KUMAR A.(2); LEE K.M.(2)
    (1) PMI R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Neuchâtel, Switzerland; (2) Altria Client Services LLC, Richmond, VA, U.S.A.
    Numerous flavorings are generally recognized as safe for use in food, but there is limited information available to evaluate their potential toxicity by inhalation. Consequently, gaining information on individual flavor safety levels is of...
  6. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2019, Hamburg, ST 45

    Meta-analysis of two biomarkers of exposure of tobacco products

    AYALA-FIERRO F.(1); ELAMIN A.(2); FROST-PINEDA K.(3); JIN T.(3); PRASAD G.L.(3); SARKAR M.(4); SCHMIDT E.(3); VERRON T.(5)
    (1) ITG Brands LLC, Greensboro, NC, U.S.A.; (2) PMI R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Neuchâtel, Switzerland; (3) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (4) Altria Client Services LLC, Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (5) SEITA - Imperial Brands, Paris, France
    In the context of tobacco products, broadly two types of biomarkers exist, biomarkers of exposure (BoE) and biomarkers of potential harm (BoPH). BoE measure exposure to tobacco constituents, e.g. carbon monoxide (CO) and nicotine equivalents (NEQs)....
  7. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2019, 73, abstr. 103

    Preclinical testing of flavors in e-vapor products - Part 1: Selection of representative flavor mixtures for toxicological evaluations using a structural grouping approach

    EHMAN K.D.(1); LANGSTON T.B.(1); KUMAR A.(1); LEE K.M.(1); SCIUSCIO D.(2); VANSCHEEUWIJCK P.(2); HOENG J.(2)
    (1) Altria Client Services, Richmond, VA, USA; (2) PMI R&D, Neuchâtel, Switzerland
    A variety of flavor ingredients are used in potentially reduced-risk tobacco or nicotine products, including e-vapor products. For this work, the ingredients were initially evaluated for quality and purity, which included assessment of food grade and...
  8. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2019, 73, abstr. 104

    Preclinical testing of flavors in e-vapor products - Part 2: Preparation and stability characterization of representative flavor mixtures

    SMITH C.R.(1); MILLER J.H. IV(1); SHAH N.(1); KUMAR A.(1); LEE K.M.(1); FRAUENDORFER F.(2); GUY P.(2); DIANA P.(2); GLABASNIA A.(2)
    (1) Altria Client Services, Richmond, VA, USA; (2) PMI R&D, Neuchâtel, Switzerland
    GLP guidelines require the characterization of test articles for preclinical biological studies to ensure the identity and composition are consistent from batch to batch and throughout the testing period. For e-vapor products, this would suggest that...
  9. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, AP 24

    Downregulation of a putative nitrate transporter gene substantially reduces the accumulation of TSNAs in air-cured tobaccos

    GOEPFERT S.(1); BOVET L.(1); LU J.(2); CAMPANONI P.(1); LEWIS R.S.(2); DEWEY R.E.(2)
    (1) Philip Morris Products S.A. (part of Philip Morris International group of companies), PMI R&D, Neuchâtel, Switzerland; (2) North Carolina State University, Department of Crop Science, Raleigh, NC, U.S.A.
    Air-cured Burley tobacco leaves typically exhibit high levels of nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone (NNK) and N'-nitrosonornicotine (NNN). It has been previously demonstrated that leaf nitrate accumulation in air-cured tobaccos serves as the source...
  10. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2017, Kitzbühel, ST 63 (also presented at TSRC 2017)

    A computational model to characterize the Vitrocell® Cell Exposure System for evaluation of aerosols

    CASTRO N.(1); ROSTAMI A.(1); KUCZAJ A.(2,3); LUCCI F.(2); OLDHAM M.J.(1); PITHAWALLA Y.B.(1)
    (1) Altria Client Services LLC, Center for Research and Technology, Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (2) Philip Morris Products S.A. (part of Philip Morris International group of companies), PMI R&D, Neuchâtel, Switzerland; (3) Multiscale Modeling and Simulation, Faculty EEMCS, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
    In vitro exposure systems can be used as tools for toxicological assessment of e-cigarette aerosols. The VITROCELL® exposure system is designed such that exposure of cell cultures to the aerosol occurs at the air/liquid interface, which is relevant...