1. Tobacco Science & Technology, 2009, 11, p. 21-5, ISSN.1002-0861

    Application of predictive and quasi-predictive PI control algorithms in strips redryer

    REN ZHENG-YUN; HAN BAI-HENG; WANG XIAO-FEI
    Donghua University, Dept. of Automation, Shanghai, China
    It is hard to keep the temperature of the drying section, the moisture contents in tobacco in cooling section and ordering section stable by traditional PID control algorithm due to the drying in the strips redryer is a process of large thermal inertia ...
  2. Beitr. Tabakforsch. Int., 1992, 15-2, p. 65-74., ISSN.0173-783X

    Relative positions of the thermal convection column and smoke plume generated from a smoldering cigarette

    MCRAE D.D.; JENKINS R.W. Jr.
    Philip Morris USA, Research Center, Richmond, VA, USA
    The relative positions of the thermal convection column and the smoke plume from a variety of smoldering cigarettes were measured using a combination of schlieren and visual optical systems. The schlieren technique is an optical method used to observe ...