TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2016, 70, abstr. 23
Reductions in biomarkers of exposure (BoE) to harmful or potentially harmful constituents (HPHCs) following partial or complete substitution of cigarettes with electronic cigarettes in adult smokers
(1) Fontem Ventures B.V, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; (2) Celerion Inc, Lincoln, NE, USA; (3) Fontem Ventures B.V Greensboro, NC, USA
Changes in fifteen urine, blood and exhaled breath BoEs of HPHCs representing classes of compounds reported by FDA to be significant contributors to smoking-associated disease risks were measured in 105 clinical-confined subjects following randomization ...