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583 results

  1. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, AP 13

    Development of codominant markers related to powdery mildew resistance from N. tomentosiformis origin

    JULIO E.(1); MALPICA A.(2); COTUCHEAU J.(1); BACHET S.(2); VOLPATTI R.(1); DECORPS C.(1); DORLHAC DE BORNE F.(1)
    (1) SEITA - Imperial Brands, Leaf Research, Bergerac, France; (2) Bergerac Seeds and Breeding, Bergerac, France
    Powdery mildew is a common tobacco plant fungal disease which can reduce growers' crop yields, particularly in South Africa, Asia and Europe. Three different resistance sources are known, coming from wild tobacco species N. tomentosiformis and N. ...
  2. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, AP 50

    Reducing nicotine in Burley tobacco by combining low alkaloid varieties and agronomic practices

    FISHER A.M.; FISHER C.R.; JI H.
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, U.S.A.
    The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has requested comments on a possible nicotine standard of 0.3-0.5 mg/g in tobacco filler. There are currently no publicly available varieties that approach this level. The objective of this study was to ...
  3. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2019, Hamburg, ST 45

    Meta-analysis of two biomarkers of exposure of tobacco products

    AYALA-FIERRO F.(1); ELAMIN A.(2); FROST-PINEDA K.(3); JIN T.(3); PRASAD G.L.(3); SARKAR M.(4); SCHMIDT E.(3); VERRON T.(5)
    (1) ITG Brands LLC, Greensboro, NC, U.S.A.; (2) PMI R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Neuchâtel, Switzerland; (3) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (4) Altria Client Services LLC, Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (5) SEITA - Imperial Brands, Paris, France
    In the context of tobacco products, broadly two types of biomarkers exist, biomarkers of exposure (BoE) and biomarkers of potential harm (BoPH). BoE measure exposure to tobacco constituents, e.g. carbon monoxide (CO) and nicotine equivalents (NEQs). The ...
  4. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2019, Hamburg, STPOST 56

    Perceptions of the relative harm of electronic cigarettes compared with smoking in the U.S.A.: analysis of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study data, 2013-2016

    O’CONNELL G.(1); WALELE T.(1); CAHOURS X.(2); THOMPSON J.(1); VERRON T.(2)
    (1) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Bristol, U.K.; (2) SEITA - Imperial Brands, Paris, France
    Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have been characterised as significantly less harmful than smoked tobacco by an increasing number of public health authorities. Despite this, U.S. adults remain poorly informed about the relative risk of these products ...
  5. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2019, Hamburg, STPOST 58

    A consortium approach for consumer-reported outcome measures to assess tobacco- and nicotine-containing products

    ACQUADRO C.(1) on behalf of the CORESTA CROM Task Force: AYALA-FIERRO F.(2); BLACK R.(3); CAHOURS X.(4); CHREA C.(5); CURTIN G.(6); GILES L.(7); McCAFFREY S.(3); PARK C.H.(8); PRASAD K.(9); SHERWOOD N.(10); SHIFFMAN S.(11); SMITH J.(6); SPIES E.(5)
    (1) Mapi Research Trust, Lyon, France; (2) ITG Brands, Greensboro, NC, U.S.A.; (3) Altria Client Services, Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (4) SEITA - Imperial Brands, Paris, France; (5) Philip Morris Products S.A., Neûchatel, Switzerland; (6) RAIS, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (7) JT Int'l SA, Genève, Switzerland; (8) KT&G Research Institute, Daejeon, Republic of Korea; (9) British American Tobacco, Southampton, U.K.; (10) Neil Sherwood Consulting, Commugny, Switzerland; (11) Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA, U.S.A.
    In the tobacco space, consumer-reported outcome measures (CROM) are essential for understanding motivations, subjective effects, and behavior. Such measures have become particularly important with the advent of candidate modified risk tobacco products ...
  6. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2019, Hamburg, STPOST 65; CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, APPOST 15

    Analysis of mainstream cigarette smoke constituents prioritized by the World Health Organization in a core collection of tobacco accessions: variability and correlations

    CAHOURS X.(2); JULIO E.(1); VERRON T.(2); DORLHAC DE BORNE F.(1)
    (1) SEITA - Imperial Brands, Leaf Research, Bergerac, France; (2) SEITA - Imperial Brands, Scientific Research, Paris, France
    Among the different strategies proposed for tobacco regulation, the WHO study group on Tobacco Product Regulation (TobReg) has proposed mandating ceilings on smoke constituents. These constituents were selected according to their potential toxicity, their ...
  7. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2019, 73, abstr. 052

    Relationship of alkaloids, PON, TSNAs, nitrate and nitrite: a two-year field analysis

    WU YING; JI HUIHUA; JACK FISHER A.; FANNIN F.; CHATTOPADHYAY N.; BUSH L.
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
    Tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs) are a class of nitrosamines that are included in the FDA’s Harmful and Potentially Harmful Constituents (HPHC) list. Two of these, Nʹ-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) ...
  8. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2019, 73, abstr. 101

    Characterization of the bacterial community associated with smokeless tobacco reference products under different storage conditions

    LIU SHUANG; GREENHUT I.; MOE L.
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
    In this study we characterize the bacterial communities associated with smokeless tobacco reference products (STRP), including loose leaf chewing tobacco (3S1), moist snuff (3S3), American snus (1S5), and Swedish snus (1S4) during a 1-year storage period. ...