Search Results

92 results

  1. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, ST 62

    Immune functions are perturbed to a greater extent with smoking rather than moist snuff use

    TRAN Q.T.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); JOHNSON E.(3); LIU Gang(1); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (2) Wake Forest University, School of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (3) University of North Carolina, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Greensboro, NC, U.S.A.
    Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Existing epidemiological data suggest moist snuff consumption is generally associated with reduced health risks relative to ...
  2. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 066

    Distinct gene expression changes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells exposed to combustible versus non-combustible tobacco product preparations

    TRAN N.Q.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); MADAHIAN B.(3); HOMAYOUNI R.(3); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (3) Quire Inc., Memphis, TN, USA
    Cigarette smoking exerts diverse physiological effects including immune suppression. Existing epidemiological data show that consumption of smokeless tobacco products, such as moist snuff, is less harmful relative to smoking. We previously demonstrated ...
  3. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 080

    Differential gene expression and functional responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells pretreated with combustible and non-combustible tobacco products

    TRAN Q.T.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); LIU Gang(1); MAKENA P.(1); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
    Chronic smoking is known to alter immune responses, which compromises tumor surveillance and host defense against microbial infections. We previously showed that smokers (SMK) exhibit distinct peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) gene expression ...
  4. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2017, Kitzbühel, STPOST 19

    Combustible and smokeless tobacco product preparations differentially regulate calcium mobilization in the human leukemic HL60 cell line

    MAKENA P.(2); ARIMILLI S.(1); DAMRATOSKI B.E.(1); PRASAD G.L.(2)
    (1) Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (2) RAI Services Co., Winston-Salem, NC 27102, U.S.A.
    Increased calcium (Ca 2+) mobilization is central to leukocyte signaling and for regulation of immune responses. Although evidence suggests that cigarette smoking affects several biological functions including inflammatory responses, how the use of ...
  5. CORESTA Congress, Berlin, 2016, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, AP 54

    The regulation of autophagy of susceptible Nicotiana tabacum under tobacco mosaic virus infection

    YANG Jinguang(1); LIU Xaingfu(1); LIU Wei(1); QIAN Yumei(1); ZHANG Jing(2); LI Wei(2); DONG Shifei(2); WANG Yaofeng(3); HUANG Mingdi(4); WANG Fenglong(1)
    (1) Tobacco Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Tobacco Pest Monitoring Controlling & Integrated Management, Qingdao, P.R. China; (2) Hongyun Honghe Tobacco (Group) Co., Ltd., Kunming, P.R. China; (3) Qingyang Branch of Gansu Province Tobacco Company, Xifeng, P.R. China; (4) Longnan Tobacco Company, Gansu Tobacco Cooperation, Wudu 746000, P.R. China
    Autophagy (or self-eating) is an important conserved process by which eukaryotic cells recycle intracellular components. This study was undertaken to elucidate whether tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) infection on tobacco plants induced autophagy. TMV-U1 and ...
  6. CORESTA Congress, Berlin, 2016, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, STPOST 40

    Role of oxidative stress in the suppression of immune responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells exposed to combustible tobacco product preparations

    PRASAD G.L.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); DAMRATOSKI B.E.(2)
    (1) Scientific & Regulatory Affairs, RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, U.S.A.; (2) Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, U.S.A.
    Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for several human diseases. Chronic inflammation, resulting from increased oxidative stress, has been suggested as a mechanism that contributes to the increased susceptibility of smokers to cancer and microbial ...
  7. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2016, 70, abstr. 17

    Ex vivo effects of smokeless tobacco extracts on select immune responses

    PRASAD G.L.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); DAMRATOSKI B.E.(2); SCHMIDT E.(1); ROWE J.(3); CHOUCHANE S.(4)
    (1) RAI Services Company; (2) Wake Forest University Health Sciences; (3) R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.; (4) Eurofins Lancaster Labs Inc, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
    Our previous work demonstrated that exposure to Tobacco Product Preparations (TPPs) from combustible tobacco cause cytotoxic and select immunosuppressive effects in PBMCs, and this ex vivo model is well suited to investigate the chronic immune suppression ...
  8. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2015, Jeju, ST 27

    Analysis of process intensity on tobacco moisture retention based on uniform design

    LI Wenjuan(1); ZHOU Fangfang(1); LONG Minghai(1); ZI Wenhua(1); JIANG Meihong(1); LIU Ze(2)
    (1) Yunnan Reascend Tobacco Technology (Group) Co., Ltd., Kunming, Yunnan, P.R. China; (2) Hongyun Honghe Group, Kunming, Kunming, P.R. China
    Tobacco moisture retention provides essential information about moisture adsorption behaviour and physical characteristics of cigarette formulating, which also influence cigarette aroma and smoking quality. Effect of the intensity of the casing process on ...
  9. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2015, 69, abstr. 86

    Study on influence of processing strength on flue-cured tobacco leaf quality in the threshing and redrying process

    LONG Minghai(1); HUA Yikun(2); WANG Xianguo(2); LIN Nan(1); ZI Wenhua(1)
    (1) Yunnan Reascend Tobacco Technology (Group) Co. Ltd., Kunming, Yunnan, P.R. China; (2) Hongyun Honghe (Group) Co., Ltd., Kunming, Yunnan, P.R. China
    To improve the technological level of threshing and redrying and quality of products, the influences of processing strengths (steam moistening, steam mixing water moistening, slow redrying with low-temperature, high-temperature redrying) on the qualities ...
  10. CORESTA Congress, Quebec, 2014, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, ST 38

    Role of oxidative stress in the suppression of immune responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells exposed to combustible tobacco product preparations

    ARIMILLI S.(1); DAMRATOSKI B.E.(1); PRASAD G.L.(2)
    (1) Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (2) R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, R&D Department, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.
    Chronic cigarette smoking is known to adversely impact innate and adaptive immune responses, resulting in immunosuppression, which has been linked to increased susceptibility of smokers to microbial infections and higher incidences of cancer relative to ...