Search Results

237 results

  1. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, AP 14

    Field tests of loss-of-function tobacco lines of eIF(iso)4E for resistance to tobacco bushy top disease and agronomic traits

    KOGA K.(1); SHINJO A.(1); MAINJENI C.E.D.(2); MSANGOSOKO K.R.(2); UDAGAWA H.(1); TAKAKURA Y.(1)
    (1) Japan Tobacco Inc., Leaf Tobacco Research Center, Oyama, Tochigi, Japan; (2) Agricultural Research and Extension Trust, Department of Research and Technical Services, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Tobacco bushy top disease (TBTD) is one of the serious diseases affecting tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) production in African countries such as Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania and Ethiopia. This disease is caused by a mixed infection of tobacco bushy top virus ...
  2. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, APPOST 13

    Agronomic and qualitative performance of some experimental Burley hybrids in Malawi

    CHAMANGO A.M.Z.; SIBANDE L.A.G.O.; MATEWELE M.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    Malawi mainly depends on tobacco for forex generation, with Burley as a major contributor. However, the country has a limited choice of high yielding and disease resistant varieties against a plethora of disease constraints, particularly root-knot ...
  3. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, APPOST 14

    Forestry sustainability in the tobacco sector in Malawi: a community concern requiring community approaches

    OFESI H.K.T.; LIVIMBO S.S.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    Tobacco farmers depend heavily on tree resources for poles and firewood used in curing. Malawi tobacco farmers predominantly grow Burley tobacco which requires the least amount of tree resources per unit volume in comparison to dark-fired and flue-cured ...
  4. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2019, Hamburg, STPOST 27

    Next generation product aerosol bubbled extracts show little to no effect in high content screening endpoints when compared to cigarette smoke bubbled extracts

    TRELLES STICKEN E.(1); WIECZOREK R.(1); BODE L.M.(1); SIMMS L.(2); STEVENSON M.(2)
    (1) Reemtsma Cigarettenfabriken GmbH (an Imperial Brands PLC Company), BioToxLab, Hamburg, Germany; (2) Imperial Tobacco Limited, In vitro Research, Bristol, U.K.
    Tobacco-based and tobacco-free next generation products (NGPs) are understood to be a less harmful alternative to conventional combustible cigarettes. The objective of this study was to compare the in vitro biological response of cigarette smoke and a ...
  5. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2019, Hamburg, STPOST 34

    Next generation product aerosols induce lower biological activity than combusted cigarettes: a comparison of in vitro cell migration in the scratch wound assay

    RUDD K.(1); BUDDE J.(2); TRELLES STICKEN E.(2); WIECZOREK R.(2); SIMMS L.(1); STEVENSON M.(1)
    (1) Imperial Brands PLC, Bristol, U.K.; (2) Reemtsma Cigarettenfabriken GmbH (an Imperial Brands PLC Company), Hamburg, Germany
    Smoking combustible cigarettes is a cause of serious diseases in smokers, including heart disease. There are many commercially available next generation products (NGPs), such as tobacco-free e-vapour products, aiming to provide an alternative to smoking ...
  6. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2019, Hamburg, STPOST 37

    Use of cell media nicotine concentration as a marker to predict cells surface deposited nicotine in transwells after fresh smoke/aerosol exposure

    WIECZOREK R.(1); TRELLES STICKEN E.(1); BODE L.M.(1); SIMMS l.(2)
    (1) Reemtsma Cigarettenfabriken GmbH (an Imperial Brands PLC Company), Hamburg, Germany; (2) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Bristol, U.K.
    Exposure of organotypic 3D lung models at the air liquid interface (ALI) to fresh whole smoke/aerosol provides a more human relevant exposure assessment of combustible cigarettes and e-vapour products. The aim of this study is to present a method for ...
  7. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2019, Hamburg, STW 01

    The application of in vitro Toxicity Testing in 21 Century (TT21C) for next generation products

    SIMMS L.(1); TRELLES STICKEN E.(2)
    (1) Imperial Brands PLC, Bristol, U.K.; (2) Reemtsma Cigarettenfabriken GmbH (an Imperial Brands PLC Company), Hamburg, Germany
    The aim is to demonstrate the feasibility of TT21C in vitro methods as part of an overall assessment framework for next generation products (NGP). TT21C methodologies can be used to assess harm reduction potential of NGPs using human-derived cellular ...
  8. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 11

    Field trials with low nicotine tobacco varieties developed by conventional breeding technique: first results

    MALPICA A.(1); EVANS W.(2); ARCHIBALD C.(3); SCOTT L.(4); GARWE D.(5); CHAMANGO A.M.Z.(6); DORLHAC de BORNE F.(7); COLARD S.(8)
    (1) Bergerac Seed and Breeding, Bergerac, France; (2) Imperial Tobacco South Africa Pvt. Ltd, Umhlanga, Durban, South Africa; (3) Alliance One International Services, Camberley, Surrey, U.K.; (4) Universal Leaf Tobacco Co., Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (5) Tobacco Research Board (TRB), Harare, Zimbabwe; (6) Agricultural Research & Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi; (7) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Bergerac, France; (8) SEITA - Imperial Brands plc, Paris, France
    In 2015, the World Health Organisation (WHO) Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation (“TobReg”) issued an advisory note recommending a strategy of reducing nicotine in tobacco to substantially lower levels of 0.4 mg/g. In the U.S., the Food and Drug ...
  9. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 22

    Bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) resistant flue-cured hybrids - current Malawi situation

    SIBANDE L.A.G.O.; CHAMANGO A.M.Z.; MATEWERE M.; KHUMBANYIWA A.G.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    In Malawi, flue-cured tobacco production is negatively affected by both aerial and soil borne diseases. Bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) is one of the major soil borne diseases that attack the crop, reducing cured leaf yield and quality. Currently ...
  10. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, AP 15

    Effect of priming as a practice for improving yield and quality of flue-cured tobacco in Malawi

    MTONGA Y.P.; MUMBA J.B.; GOMONDA R.W.J.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    Priming of leaves improves yield and quality of flue-cured tobacco. A field experiment was conducted at three locations in Malawi during the 2013 to 2016 cropping seasons. The aim was to investigate the effect of priming bottom leaves on yield and quality ...