TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 074
Urinary leukotriene E4 and 2,3-dinor thromboxane B2 are potential biomarkers of effect for tobacco product evaluations
RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
Adverse health outcomes from cigarette smoking generally take several decades to develop. Physiologically-relevant biomarkers of effect (BioEff), such as FEV1, typically require sustained smoking abstinence over several months to detect a significant ...