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  1. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 077

    Reduction in urinary and blood biomarkers of tobacco exposure in smokers switched to an electronic nicotine delivery system product

    KANOBE M.; JONES B.A.; CHEN Xiaoming; ECKHARDT S.; DARNELL J.; BROWN B.G.
    RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
    Electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) products have the potential to provide nicotine to tobacco consumers while reducing exposure to combustion-related toxicants. This study evaluated changes in biomarker(s) of exposure (BOE) to combustion-related ...