TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 077
Reduction in urinary and blood biomarkers of tobacco exposure in smokers switched to an electronic nicotine delivery system product
RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
Electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) products have the potential to provide nicotine to tobacco consumers while reducing exposure to combustion-related toxicants. This study evaluated changes in biomarker(s) of exposure (BOE) to combustion-related ...