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131 results

  1. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2017, Kitzbühel, ST 53 (also presented at TSRC 2017)

    Fumex: light scattering sensor for the analysis of electronic cigarette aerosols

    WANG Q.(1); LI W.(2); LIPOWICZ P.(2); DUNKHORST W.(3); KOCH W.(3)
    (1) Eurofins Lancaster Laboratories, c/o Altria Client Services LLC, Research, Development and Regulatory Affairs, Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (2) Altria Client Services LLC, Research, Development and Regulatory Affairs, Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (3) Fraunhofer ITEM, Department of Aerosol Technology, Hannover, Germany
    A new sensor based on light scattering has been designed to perform highly time resolved measurements of the mass concentration and the mass median diameter (MMD) of aerosols formed in e-cigarettes. Aerosols generated in e-cigarettes are spherical,...
  2. CORESTA Congress, Berlin, 2016, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, AP 16

    Role of polyamines in leaf ripening of low alkaloid tobacco varieties

    NÖLKE G.(1); VOLKE D.(1); CHUDOBOVA I.(1); HOUDELET M.(1); LUSSO M.(2); FREDERICK J.(2); WAREK U.(2); STRICKLAND J.(2); XU D.(2); FISCHER R.(1); SCHINKEL H.(1); SCHILLBERG S.(1)
    (1) Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME, Aachen, Germany; (2) Altria Client Services LLC, Research, Development and Regulatory Affairs, Richmond, VA, U.S.A.
    Traditional breeding and molecular approaches have been used to develop tobacco varieties with reduced nicotine and secondary alkaloid levels. However, low-alkaloid (LA) tobacco varieties often show impaired leaf ripening and senescence leading to...
  3. CORESTA Congress, Berlin, 2016, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, AP 25

    Sucker control through biotechnology

    XU D.(1); GRUNDMANN L.(2); SHEN Y.(1); NOLL G.(2); YANG J.(1); KUDITHIPUDI C.(1); FREDERICK J.(1); PRUEFER D.(2); WAREK U.(1); STRICKLAND J.(1)
    (1) Altria Client Services LLC, Research, Development and Regulatory Affairs, Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (2) Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME, Muenster, Germany
    Tobacco plants exhibit strong apical dominance that effectively inhibits axillary bud development. However, upon shoot apical meristem removal (topping), loss of apical dominance quickly allows axillary buds to grow (suckers) resulting in yield loss...
  4. CORESTA Congress, Berlin, 2016, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, ST 24

    A CFD model for the smouldering combustion of the cellulosic substrate during the ignition propensity test

    GUINDOS P.(1); PATEL A.(1,2); KOLB T.(1)
    (1) Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME, Aachen, Germany; (2) TU Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany
    An experimental and numerical investigation was conducted to characterise the influence of the cellulosic substrate used to assess the ignition propensity (IP) of cigarettes. The objective was to better understand the poor repeatability of the test...
  5. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2013, Brufa di Torgiano, APPOST 01

    Performance of fire-cured tobacco with compost from urban sources

    COZZOLINO E.; LEONE V.; LOMBARDI P.
    Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura - Unità di Ricerca per le Colture Alternative al Tabacco (CRA-CAT), Scafati (SA), Italy
    A two-year trial of Kentucky fire-cured tobacco fertilisation with compost from urban organic waste was conducted with three cultivars (Foiano, Riccio beneventano and SKL) on two farms in the province of Benevento (Italy). A commercial compost,...
  6. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2013, Brufa di Torgiano, APPOST 04

    Influence of plant density and leaf priming collection on seed and seed oil yield in tobacco

    BUCCIARELLI S.(1); CIVITELLA D.(1); FECONDO G.(1); GHIANNI G.(1); SORRENTINO C.(2); DEL PIANO L.(2); RAIMO F.(2); STANISCI V.(3)
    (1) Consorzio per la Divulgazione e la Sperimentazione delle Tecniche Irrigue (CO.T.IR), Vasto (CH), Italy; (2) Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura - Unità di Ricerca per le Colture Alternative al Tabacco (CRA-CAT), Scafati (SA), Italy; (3) ECOFOX, Vasto (CH), Italy
    In the EU the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform of 2004 has established a gradual reduction in incentives for the production of tobacco. In Italy there was a reduction of about 30% of the area under tobacco cultivation from 2000 to 2010....
  7. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2013, Brufa di Torgiano, APPOST 05

    New cultivars for the Italian Burley industry

    COZZOLINO E.; LEONE V.; LOMBARDI P.
    Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura - Unità di Ricerca per le Colture Alternative al Tabacco (CRA-CAT), Scafati (SA), Italy
    Lack of information about cultivar adaptation to specific areas is a hindrance to the progress of the tobacco industry. To provide such information for Italian Burley areas, an on-farm variety trial is underway at Vitulazio, in the province of...
  8. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2013, Brufa di Torgiano, APPOST 08

    SSR analysis of genetic polymorphism in a Nicotiana Germplasm Collection

    DEL PIANO L.; DI DATO F.; ABET M.; RAIMO F.; SORRENTINO C.; SICIGNANO M.; ENOTRIO T.
    Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura - Unità di Ricerca per le Colture Alternative al Tabacco (CRA-CAT), Scafati (SA), Italy
    Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is an important agricultural crop plant that plays a significant role in the economies of many countries. Tobacco breeding aims to develop varieties with wide adaptability, higher potential and suitable chemical...
  9. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2012, 66, abstr. 28

    CSEO – The cigarette smoke exposure ontology

    YOUNESI E.(1), COGGINS C.(2); ANSARI S.(3); HOENG J.(3); PEITSCH M.(3); HOFMANN-APITIUS M.(1)
    (1) Fraunhofer Institute for Algorithms and Scientific Computing SCAI, Sankt Augustin, Germany; (2) Carson Watts Consulting, King, NC, USA; (3) Philip Morris International R&D, Neuchâtel, Switzerland
    In the past years, significant progress has been made in the development and use of experimental settings for collection of massive and precise experimental data on tobacco exposure and the diseases induced by it. Despite the growing number of such...
  10. CORESTA Congress, Edinburgh, 2010, APPOST 01

    Effect of the degree of leaf ripeness at harvest on the yield, quality and chemical characteristics of Oriental (sun-cured) tobacco

    KARAIVAZOGLOU N.A.; PAPAKOSTA D.K.; DIVANIDIS S.
    Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece; Tobacco Institute of Greece, Chemistry Dept., Drama, Greece
    Harvest date is one of the most important crop management practices affecting tobacco yield, quality and usability after curing. In a two-year field experiment, investigations were made into the effect of the degree of leaf ripeness at harvest on...