Search Results

125 results

  1. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 11

    Field trials with low nicotine tobacco varieties developed by conventional breeding technique: first results

    MALPICA A.(1); EVANS W.(2); ARCHIBALD C.(3); SCOTT L.(4); GARWE D.(5); CHAMANGO A.M.Z.(6); DORLHAC de BORNE F.(7); COLARD S.(8)
    (1) Bergerac Seed and Breeding, Bergerac, France; (2) Imperial Tobacco South Africa Pvt. Ltd, Umhlanga, Durban, South Africa; (3) Alliance One International Services, Camberley, Surrey, U.K.; (4) Universal Leaf Tobacco Co., Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (5) Tobacco Research Board (TRB), Harare, Zimbabwe; (6) Agricultural Research & Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi; (7) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Bergerac, France; (8) SEITA - Imperial Brands plc, Paris, France
    In 2015, the World Health Organisation (WHO) Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation (“TobReg”) issued an advisory note recommending a strategy of reducing nicotine in tobacco to substantially lower levels of 0.4 mg/g. In the U.S., the Food and Drug ...
  2. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 22

    Bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) resistant flue-cured hybrids - current Malawi situation

    SIBANDE L.A.G.O.; CHAMANGO A.M.Z.; MATEWERE M.; KHUMBANYIWA A.G.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    In Malawi, flue-cured tobacco production is negatively affected by both aerial and soil borne diseases. Bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) is one of the major soil borne diseases that attack the crop, reducing cured leaf yield and quality. Currently ...
  3. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, ST 62

    Immune functions are perturbed to a greater extent with smoking rather than moist snuff use

    TRAN Q.T.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); JOHNSON E.(3); LIU Gang(1); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (2) Wake Forest University, School of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (3) University of North Carolina, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Greensboro, NC, U.S.A.
    Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Existing epidemiological data suggest moist snuff consumption is generally associated with reduced health risks relative to ...
  4. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 066

    Distinct gene expression changes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells exposed to combustible versus non-combustible tobacco product preparations

    TRAN N.Q.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); MADAHIAN B.(3); HOMAYOUNI R.(3); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (3) Quire Inc., Memphis, TN, USA
    Cigarette smoking exerts diverse physiological effects including immune suppression. Existing epidemiological data show that consumption of smokeless tobacco products, such as moist snuff, is less harmful relative to smoking. We previously demonstrated ...
  5. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 080

    Differential gene expression and functional responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells pretreated with combustible and non-combustible tobacco products

    TRAN Q.T.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); LIU Gang(1); MAKENA P.(1); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
    Chronic smoking is known to alter immune responses, which compromises tumor surveillance and host defense against microbial infections. We previously showed that smokers (SMK) exhibit distinct peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) gene expression ...
  6. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, AP 15

    Effect of priming as a practice for improving yield and quality of flue-cured tobacco in Malawi

    MTONGA Y.P.; MUMBA J.B.; GOMONDA R.W.J.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    Priming of leaves improves yield and quality of flue-cured tobacco. A field experiment was conducted at three locations in Malawi during the 2013 to 2016 cropping seasons. The aim was to investigate the effect of priming bottom leaves on yield and quality ...
  7. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, AP 21

    Polypot system: a cost saving practice for improved tobacco seedling quality in Malawi

    MTONGA Y.P.; MUMBA J.B.; GOMONDA R.W.J.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    This trial investigated a tobacco seedling production system known as the Polypot which is a slight variant of the Motherbed. It aimed to evaluate the effectiveness, benefits and challenges of the Polypot in relation to the other seedling production ...
  8. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, APPOST 04

    Developing flue-cured tobacco hybrids with combined resistance to granville wilt and root-knot nematodes and angular leaf spot in Malawi

    SIBANDE L.A.G.O.; CHAMANGO A.M.Z.; GOMONDA R.W.J.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    Flue-cured tobacco production in Malawi is constrained by both soil-borne (root-knot nematodes and Granville wilt) and aerial borne (angular leaf spot and alternaria brown spot) diseases. To address these multiple challenges, a breeding programme was ...
  9. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, APPOST 09

    Sustaining low TSNA levels in Malawi Burley tobacco using the LC Protocol

    CHAMANGO A.M.Z.(1); SIBANDE L.A.G.O.(1); JACK A.M.(2); GOMONDA R.W.J.(1); JI H.(2); MPHEMBERA A.(1); MWANYONGO A.(1); MSANGOSOKO K.R.(1); KHUMBANYIWA A.G.(1); KUMWENDA R.L.N.(1)
    (1) Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi; (2) University of Kentucky, Kentucky Tobacco Research and Development Center, Lexington, KY, U.S.A.
    Burley tobacco has variable levels of conversion of nicotine to nornicotine, the precursor for the main Burley tobacco specific nitrosamine (TSNA), N’-nitrosonornicotine (NNN). Malawian tobacco is inherently low in TSNA levels, affording a competitive ...
  10. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2017, Kitzbühel, STPOST 19

    Combustible and smokeless tobacco product preparations differentially regulate calcium mobilization in the human leukemic HL60 cell line

    MAKENA P.(2); ARIMILLI S.(1); DAMRATOSKI B.E.(1); PRASAD G.L.(2)
    (1) Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (2) RAI Services Co., Winston-Salem, NC 27102, U.S.A.
    Increased calcium (Ca 2+) mobilization is central to leukocyte signaling and for regulation of immune responses. Although evidence suggests that cigarette smoking affects several biological functions including inflammatory responses, how the use of ...