Search Results

27 results

  1. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, ST 62

    Immune functions are perturbed to a greater extent with smoking rather than moist snuff use

    TRAN Q.T.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); JOHNSON E.(3); LIU Gang(1); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (2) Wake Forest University, School of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (3) University of North Carolina, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Greensboro, NC, U.S.A.
    Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Existing epidemiological data suggest moist snuff consumption is generally associated with reduced health risks relative to ...
  2. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, STPOST 43

    In vitro micronucleus (MN) assay using TK6 cells: review of historical positive and negative control data

    STANKOWSKI L.F. Jr(1); HURTADO S.B.(1); WELLS M.M.(1); KWOK V.Y.(1); DOSHI U.(2); COFFA B.G.(2); LEE K.M.(2)
    (1) Charles River Laboratories, Genetic and In Vitro Toxicology, Skokie, IL, U.S.A.; (2) Altria Client Services LLC, Research, Development & Regulatory Affairs, Richmond, VA, U.S.A.
    TK6 human lymphoblastoid cells are widely used in the in vitro MN assay as a part of regulatory genotoxicity testing for pharmaceuticals, but have seen relatively limited use in testing of other test materials, including tobacco-related products. As an ...
  3. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, STPOST 46

    Validation of an in vitro test battery to evaluate smokeless tobacco products

    HURTADO S.B.(1); LALLIER B.(1); TYDRICK C.(1); LIU Z.(2); GUMP J.(2); BISWAS K.(2); KWOK V.Y.(1); STANKOWSKI L.F. Jr(1)
    (1) Charles River Laboratories, Genetic and In Vitro Toxicology, Skokie, IL, U.S.A.; (2) Charles River Laboratories, Analytical Chemistry, Ashland, OH, U.S.A.
    Evaluating potential cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of smokeless tobacco products poses unique challenges for in vitro testing. Each product is a complex mixture of vegetable matter, and may include a packaging component as part of the final product. ...
  4. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 066

    Distinct gene expression changes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells exposed to combustible versus non-combustible tobacco product preparations

    TRAN N.Q.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); MADAHIAN B.(3); HOMAYOUNI R.(3); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (3) Quire Inc., Memphis, TN, USA
    Cigarette smoking exerts diverse physiological effects including immune suppression. Existing epidemiological data show that consumption of smokeless tobacco products, such as moist snuff, is less harmful relative to smoking. We previously demonstrated ...
  5. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 080

    Differential gene expression and functional responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells pretreated with combustible and non-combustible tobacco products

    TRAN Q.T.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); LIU Gang(1); MAKENA P.(1); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
    Chronic smoking is known to alter immune responses, which compromises tumor surveillance and host defense against microbial infections. We previously showed that smokers (SMK) exhibit distinct peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) gene expression ...
  6. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2017, Kitzbühel, STPOST 19

    Combustible and smokeless tobacco product preparations differentially regulate calcium mobilization in the human leukemic HL60 cell line

    MAKENA P.(2); ARIMILLI S.(1); DAMRATOSKI B.E.(1); PRASAD G.L.(2)
    (1) Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (2) RAI Services Co., Winston-Salem, NC 27102, U.S.A.
    Increased calcium (Ca 2+) mobilization is central to leukocyte signaling and for regulation of immune responses. Although evidence suggests that cigarette smoking affects several biological functions including inflammatory responses, how the use of ...
  7. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2017, Kitzbühel, STPOST 44

    Validation and comparison of the neutral red uptake assay in BALB/c 3T3 and CHO-WBL cells

    HURTADO S.B; CALLUPE J.; MARTINEZ J.L.; SOOMER-JAMES J.; GROMER K.D.; KWOK V.Y.; FARABAUGH C.S.; STANKOWSKI L.F. Jr.
    Charles River Laboratories - Skokie, Skokie, IL, U.S.A.
    The neutral red uptake (NRU) assay is used to evaluate the cytotoxicity of a variety of chemicals, cigarette smoke fractions, e-liquids, medical devices, etc. in vitro. Charles River Laboratories-Skokie previously validated the NRU assay in BALB/c 3T3 ...
  8. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2017, Kitzbühel, STPOST 46

    Validation and comparison of the in vitro micronucleus assay in TK6 and CHO-WBL cells

    WELLS M.; LORENZ M.; SOOMER-JAMES J.; KAYE S.L.; GROMER K.D.; BHATTACHARYA R.; OCO K.R.; KWOK V.Y.; FARABAUGH C.S.; STANKOWSKI L.F. Jr.
    Charles River Laboratories - Skokie, Skokie, IL, U.S.A.
    The in vitro micronucleus (MN) assay is used to evaluate the potential clastogenicity and aneugenicity of a variety of chemicals and agents in vitro. Charles River Laboratories-Skokie previously validated the in vitro MN assay in TK6 cells, according to ...
  9. CORESTA Congress, Berlin, 2016, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, STPOST 40

    Role of oxidative stress in the suppression of immune responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells exposed to combustible tobacco product preparations

    PRASAD G.L.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); DAMRATOSKI B.E.(2)
    (1) Scientific & Regulatory Affairs, RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, U.S.A.; (2) Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, U.S.A.
    Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for several human diseases. Chronic inflammation, resulting from increased oxidative stress, has been suggested as a mechanism that contributes to the increased susceptibility of smokers to cancer and microbial ...
  10. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2016, 70, abstr. 17

    Ex vivo effects of smokeless tobacco extracts on select immune responses

    PRASAD G.L.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); DAMRATOSKI B.E.(2); SCHMIDT E.(1); ROWE J.(3); CHOUCHANE S.(4)
    (1) RAI Services Company; (2) Wake Forest University Health Sciences; (3) R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.; (4) Eurofins Lancaster Labs Inc, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
    Our previous work demonstrated that exposure to Tobacco Product Preparations (TPPs) from combustible tobacco cause cytotoxic and select immunosuppressive effects in PBMCs, and this ex vivo model is well suited to investigate the chronic immune suppression ...