Search Results

99 results

  1. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, AP 14

    RNA-Seq analysis of Orobanche resistance in tobacco: development of molecular markers for breeding recessive resistance from Wika tobacco variety

    JULIO E.(1); MALPICA A.(2); COTUCHEAU J.(1); BACHET S.(2); VOLPATTI R.(1); DECORPS C.(1); DORLHAC de BORNE F.(1)
    (1) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Leaf Research, Bergerac, France; (2) Bergerac Seed and Breeding, Bergerac, France
    Orobanche spp. (broomrape) is an obligate root parasite that can attack a wide spectrum of plants, including tobacco. It is responsible for economic losses in Europe since 2002 and its incidence in many tobacco growing countries is increasing. Preventive ...
  2. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 11

    Field trials with low nicotine tobacco varieties developed by conventional breeding technique: first results

    MALPICA A.(1); EVANS W.(2); ARCHIBALD C.(3); SCOTT L.(4); GARWE D.(5); CHAMANGO A.M.Z.(6); DORLHAC de BORNE F.(7); COLARD S.(8)
    (1) Bergerac Seed and Breeding, Bergerac, France; (2) Imperial Tobacco South Africa Pvt. Ltd, Umhlanga, Durban, South Africa; (3) Alliance One International Services, Camberley, Surrey, U.K.; (4) Universal Leaf Tobacco Co., Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (5) Tobacco Research Board (TRB), Harare, Zimbabwe; (6) Agricultural Research & Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi; (7) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Bergerac, France; (8) SEITA - Imperial Brands plc, Paris, France
    In 2015, the World Health Organisation (WHO) Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation (“TobReg”) issued an advisory note recommending a strategy of reducing nicotine in tobacco to substantially lower levels of 0.4 mg/g. In the U.S., the Food and Drug ...
  3. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 30

    Nicotine reduction and consumer perception: a scientific approach for quantifying possible impact of low nicotine cigarettes on consumer behaviour

    GUO Mengran(1); VERRON T.(1); DORLHAC de BORNE F.(2); PRITCHARD J.(3); COLARD S.(1)
    (1) SEITA - Imperial Brands plc, Paris, France; (2) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Leaf Research, Bergerac, France; (3) Imperial Brands, Bristol, U.K.
    In 2015, the WHO Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation (TobReg) issued an advisory note recommending a strategy to reduce nicotine in tobacco to levels which would not be sufficient to lead to the development and/or maintenance of addiction. In the US ...
  4. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, ST 62

    Immune functions are perturbed to a greater extent with smoking rather than moist snuff use

    TRAN Q.T.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); JOHNSON E.(3); LIU Gang(1); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (2) Wake Forest University, School of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (3) University of North Carolina, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Greensboro, NC, U.S.A.
    Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Existing epidemiological data suggest moist snuff consumption is generally associated with reduced health risks relative to ...
  5. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 066

    Distinct gene expression changes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells exposed to combustible versus non-combustible tobacco product preparations

    TRAN N.Q.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); MADAHIAN B.(3); HOMAYOUNI R.(3); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (3) Quire Inc., Memphis, TN, USA
    Cigarette smoking exerts diverse physiological effects including immune suppression. Existing epidemiological data show that consumption of smokeless tobacco products, such as moist snuff, is less harmful relative to smoking. We previously demonstrated ...
  6. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 080

    Differential gene expression and functional responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells pretreated with combustible and non-combustible tobacco products

    TRAN Q.T.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); LIU Gang(1); MAKENA P.(1); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
    Chronic smoking is known to alter immune responses, which compromises tumor surveillance and host defense against microbial infections. We previously showed that smokers (SMK) exhibit distinct peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) gene expression ...
  7. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, AP 39

    Identification of genetic determinants controlling cadmium accumulation in tobacco

    BERTRAND J.(1); JULIO E.(2); COTUCHEAU J.(2); DORLHAC DE BORNE F.(2); BERTHOMIEU P.(1)
    (1) UMR de Biochimie et Physiologie Moléculaire des Plantes, INRA/CNRS/Montpellier SupAgro/Université Montpellier, Montpellier, France; (2) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Leaf Research, La Tour, Bergerac, France
    Cadmium is a toxic heavy metal naturally absorbed and accumulated by plants. It is present in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) leaves and potentially in the smoke of cigarettes. Reducing the cadmium content in leaves of tobacco plants requires a better ...