Search Results

47 results

  1. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, AP 06

    Effects on the enzyme activity and microbial community of soil under different fertilizations

    LI Xiang; LIU Yanxia; ZOU Yan; ZHANG Heng; ZHU Jingwei; SHI Junxiong
    Guizhou Academy of Tobacco Science of CNTC, Guiyang, Guizhou, P.R. China
    Different fertilizations have significant different effects on soil enzyme activity and micro-organisms. In this paper, high-throughput sequencing was used to analyze the tobacco planting soil with long-term different fertilizations in Guizhou Province. ...
  2. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, ST 62

    Immune functions are perturbed to a greater extent with smoking rather than moist snuff use

    TRAN Q.T.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); JOHNSON E.(3); LIU Gang(1); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (2) Wake Forest University, School of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (3) University of North Carolina, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Greensboro, NC, U.S.A.
    Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Existing epidemiological data suggest moist snuff consumption is generally associated with reduced health risks relative to ...
  3. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 066

    Distinct gene expression changes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells exposed to combustible versus non-combustible tobacco product preparations

    TRAN N.Q.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); MADAHIAN B.(3); HOMAYOUNI R.(3); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (3) Quire Inc., Memphis, TN, USA
    Cigarette smoking exerts diverse physiological effects including immune suppression. Existing epidemiological data show that consumption of smokeless tobacco products, such as moist snuff, is less harmful relative to smoking. We previously demonstrated ...
  4. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 080

    Differential gene expression and functional responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells pretreated with combustible and non-combustible tobacco products

    TRAN Q.T.(1); ARIMILLI S.(2); LIU Gang(1); MAKENA P.(1); PRASAD G.L.(1)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
    Chronic smoking is known to alter immune responses, which compromises tumor surveillance and host defense against microbial infections. We previously showed that smokers (SMK) exhibit distinct peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) gene expression ...
  5. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, AP 01

    Investigation and research of microbial information in tobacco-planted soil from different ecological regions in Guizhou Province

    LI Xiang; LIU Yanxia; SHI Junxiong; ZHANG Heng; CAI Liuti; ZOU Yan
    Guizhou Academy of Tobacco Science of CNTC, Guiyang, Guizhou, P.R. China
    Soil microbial characteristics can sensitively reflect soil quality and health index. In order to illustrate the difference in microbial information between different ecological regions, tobacco-planted soils were collected from 31 regions in Guizhou ...
  6. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, AP 13

    The inhibitory effects of salicylic acid on the potassium outflow from tobacco

    ZHAO Jiehong
    Key Laboratory of Molecular Genetics of CNTC, Guizhou Academy of Tobacco Science, Guanshanhu District, Guiyang, Guizhou, P.R. China
    Potassium (K +), as one of the most important nutrient elements, plays important roles in tobacco production, such as stress resistance and improvement of leaf combustibility and quality. After topping or during drought stress, K + usually outflows from ...
  7. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2017, Kitzbühel, STPOST 19

    Combustible and smokeless tobacco product preparations differentially regulate calcium mobilization in the human leukemic HL60 cell line

    MAKENA P.(2); ARIMILLI S.(1); DAMRATOSKI B.E.(1); PRASAD G.L.(2)
    (1) Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (2) RAI Services Co., Winston-Salem, NC 27102, U.S.A.
    Increased calcium (Ca 2+) mobilization is central to leukocyte signaling and for regulation of immune responses. Although evidence suggests that cigarette smoking affects several biological functions including inflammatory responses, how the use of ...
  8. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2017, 71, abstr. 074

    The enantiomeric composition of N'-nitrosonornicotine in air-cured tobacco influenced by nicotine demethylation

    CAI Bin(1); JI Huihua(2); FANNIN F.F.(2); BUSH L.P.(2)
    (1) Guizhou Academy of Tobacco Science, Guiyang City, China; (2) University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
    N'-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) is a potent and organ-specific carcinogen found in tobacco and tobacco smoke in substantial amounts. The aim of this study was to investigate the variations in NNN enantiomeric composition in nicotine demethylase mutants. ...
  9. CORESTA Congress, Berlin, 2016, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, AP 55

    Colonisation of Ralstonia solanacearum on tobacco roots and factors affecting virulence

    LI Xiang; LIU Yanxia
    Guizhou Academy of Tobacco Science of CNTC, Guiyang, Guizhou, P.R. China
    Tobacco bacterial wilt, caused by Ralstonia solanacearum (R. solanacearum), is one of the most serious diseases affecting tobacco cultivation worldwide. To determine the colonisation and virulence factors affecting R. solanacearum, we applied green ...