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4 results

  1. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2015, 69, abstr. 53

    Influence of cigarette filter ventilation on smokers’ mouth level exposure to tar and nicotine: a retrospective meta-analysis of 11 studies in 9 countries

    FEARON I.M.(1); BOWMAN S.A.(2); CARAWAY J.W.(2); CHEN P.(2); NELSON P.R.(2); ASHLEY M.(1); SHEPPERD C.J.(1); ERRINGTON G.(1)
    (1) British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited, Southampton, UK; (2) R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Winston-Salem, NC USA
    Cigarette filter ventilation allows air to be drawn into the mainstream smoke which, when the ventilation is unblocked, dilutes the smoke. When cigarettes are machine-smoked using the Health Canada Intense method, ventilation holes are blocked and this ...
  2. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2014, 68, abstr. 07

    Retrospective analysis of data from cigarette smoke mouth level exposure (MLE) studies

    BOWMAN S.A.; CARAWAU J.; CHEN P.; NELSON P.R.
    R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Over the past eight years, R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company conducted a series of cigarette smoke mouth-level exposure (MLE) studies. In those studies, used cigarette filters were analyzed to determine per cigarette and daily MLE to “tar” and nicotine. In ...
  3. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2012, 66, abstr. 27

    Comparison of cigarette smoking to dual use of cigarettes with Camel strips, camel sticks, or Camel snus

    ROUND E.K.; LEE L.C.; BOWMAN S.A.; HARGER K.M.; HEFNER T.M.; MATHEWS M.M.; NELSON P.R.; SLATER A.M.; STILES M.F.; BORGERDING M.F.
    R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
    A series of studies were conducted to evaluate dual use (DU) of cigarettes with Camel Strips (Strips), Camel Sticks (Sticks), or Camel SNUS (CS) by adult smokers in their natural environment. Subjects smoked normally for one week (baseline). Over three ...
  4. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2011, 65, abstr. 72

    Nicotine uptake, urge to smoke, and carboxyhemoglobin changes in smokers after consumption of smoke-free tobacco products.

    ROUND E.K.; LEE L.C.; BOWMAN S.A.; HARGER K.M.; HEFNER T.M.; SLATER A.M.; STILES M.F.
    R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    As a harm reduction approach, some public health officials support the use of smoke-free tobacco products in place of cigarettes for smokers who continue to use tobacco. This study was conducted to evaluate endpoints of nicotine uptake, urge to smoke, and ...