Search Results

40 results

  1. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, AP 40

    Progress in breeding and biocontrol dual approaches for tobacco broomrape management

    MALPICA A.(1); GUINCHARD L.(2); BACHET S.(1); VACHER C.(3); GATARD L.(4); REIBEL C.(2); GAUTHERON N.(2); EDELHERMANN V.(2); STEINBERG C.(2); GIBOT LECLERC S.(2)
    (1) Bergerac Seed & Breeding, Bergerac, France; (2) Agroécologie (AgroSup Dijon, INRA, Univ. Bourgogne Franche-Comté), Dijon, France; (3) Arvalis, Institut du Vegetal, Bergerac, France; (4) Coopérative CT2F, Maison de l’Agriculture, Schiltigheim, France
    Tobacco broomrape (Phelipanche ramosa, Phelipanche aegyptiaca and Orobanche Cernua) is a widespread parasitic plant from the Orobanchaceae family, that causes important damage in tobacco crops. Broomrape is mainly present in Europe, Middle East and Asia ...
  2. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2019, Hamburg, STPOST 58

    A consortium approach for consumer-reported outcome measures to assess tobacco- and nicotine-containing products

    ACQUADRO C.(1) on behalf of the CORESTA CROM Task Force: AYALA-FIERRO F.(2); BLACK R.(3); CAHOURS X.(4); CHREA C.(5); CURTIN G.(6); GILES L.(7); McCAFFREY S.(3); PARK C.H.(8); PRASAD K.(9); SHERWOOD N.(10); SHIFFMAN S.(11); SMITH J.(6); SPIES E.(5)
    (1) Mapi Research Trust, Lyon, France; (2) ITG Brands, Greensboro, NC, U.S.A.; (3) Altria Client Services, Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (4) SEITA - Imperial Brands, Paris, France; (5) Philip Morris Products S.A., Neûchatel, Switzerland; (6) RAIS, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (7) JT Int'l SA, Genève, Switzerland; (8) KT&G Research Institute, Daejeon, Republic of Korea; (9) British American Tobacco, Southampton, U.K.; (10) Neil Sherwood Consulting, Commugny, Switzerland; (11) Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA, U.S.A.
    In the tobacco space, consumer-reported outcome measures (CROM) are essential for understanding motivations, subjective effects, and behavior. Such measures have become particularly important with the advent of candidate modified risk tobacco products ...
  3. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, AP 14

    RNA-Seq analysis of Orobanche resistance in tobacco: development of molecular markers for breeding recessive resistance from Wika tobacco variety

    JULIO E.(1); MALPICA A.(2); COTUCHEAU J.(1); BACHET S.(2); VOLPATTI R.(1); DECORPS C.(1); DORLHAC de BORNE F.(1)
    (1) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Leaf Research, Bergerac, France; (2) Bergerac Seed and Breeding, Bergerac, France
    Orobanche spp. (broomrape) is an obligate root parasite that can attack a wide spectrum of plants, including tobacco. It is responsible for economic losses in Europe since 2002 and its incidence in many tobacco growing countries is increasing. Preventive ...
  4. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 11

    Field trials with low nicotine tobacco varieties developed by conventional breeding technique: first results

    MALPICA A.(1); EVANS W.(2); ARCHIBALD C.(3); SCOTT L.(4); GARWE D.(5); CHAMANGO A.M.Z.(6); DORLHAC de BORNE F.(7); COLARD S.(8)
    (1) Bergerac Seed and Breeding, Bergerac, France; (2) Imperial Tobacco South Africa Pvt. Ltd, Umhlanga, Durban, South Africa; (3) Alliance One International Services, Camberley, Surrey, U.K.; (4) Universal Leaf Tobacco Co., Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (5) Tobacco Research Board (TRB), Harare, Zimbabwe; (6) Agricultural Research & Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi; (7) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Bergerac, France; (8) SEITA - Imperial Brands plc, Paris, France
    In 2015, the World Health Organisation (WHO) Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation (“TobReg”) issued an advisory note recommending a strategy of reducing nicotine in tobacco to substantially lower levels of 0.4 mg/g. In the U.S., the Food and Drug ...
  5. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, ST 52 (also presented at TSRC 2018)also presented at TSRC 2018)

    Consumers’ perceptions of disease-specific modified-risk claims are best evaluated in a disease-specific manner

    SHIFFMAN S.(1); CURTIN G.(2)
    (1) Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA, U.S.A.; (2) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.
    Manufacturers seeking to make claims about modified-risk tobacco products (MRTPs) must assess consumers' perceptions of risk reduction for these products. Claims made for the MRTP and assessment of perceived risk reduction can be global (e.g. &quot ...
  6. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, ST 53 (also presented at TSRC 2018)

    Comparing direct and indirect assessments of perceptions of reduced risk for a modified-risk tobacco product

    SHIFFMAN S.(1); CURTIN G.(2)
    (1) Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA, U.S.A.; (2) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.
    Manufacturers seeking to make claims about modified-risk tobacco products (MRTPs) must assess consumers' perceptions of absolute and relative risks for these products. We cross-validate data from two methods: (a) indirect assessments based on the ...
  7. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 030

    Comparisons of dependence on cigarettes and e-cigarettes: data from the path study

    KIM M.M.(1); SHIFFMAN S.(2); SEMBOWER M.(2)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) PinneyAssociates, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    An Item-Response-Theory-based dependence scale, developed on PATH data, assesses e-cigarette dependence, and for the first time allows for direct comparison of dependence across products. Data were from adult established users of e-cigarettes (ECIG) and ...
  8. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 031

    Use patterns and tobacco use histories among users of diverse vapor products: cigalikes, tanks, and other vapor products

    KIM M.M.(1); SHIFFMAN S.(2); SEMBOWER M.(2)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) PinneyAssociates, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    There are several types of vapor products, but little research has characterized differences in their use or users. We examined the differences in use and characteristics of users of cigalikes, tanks, and other, 'variant' vapor products in a ...
  9. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 036

    Trends in US smokers' perceptions of the relative risks of non-combustible tobacco products versus cigarettes

    CURTIN G.M.(1); SHIFFMAN S.(2); ROHAY J.(2); PYPE S.(2)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) PinneyAssociates, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Smokers can benefit from switching to less harmful tobacco products, which requires knowledge of relative product risk. However, publicly shared information often emphasizes absolute rather than relative risks. To understand smokers’ perceptions of ...