Search Results

144 results

  1. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, AP 14

    Field tests of loss-of-function tobacco lines of eIF(iso)4E for resistance to tobacco bushy top disease and agronomic traits

    KOGA K.(1); SHINJO A.(1); MAINJENI C.E.D.(2); MSANGOSOKO K.R.(2); UDAGAWA H.(1); TAKAKURA Y.(1)
    (1) Japan Tobacco Inc., Leaf Tobacco Research Center, Oyama, Tochigi, Japan; (2) Agricultural Research and Extension Trust, Department of Research and Technical Services, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Tobacco bushy top disease (TBTD) is one of the serious diseases affecting tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) production in African countries such as Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania and Ethiopia. This disease is caused by a mixed infection of tobacco bushy top virus ...
  2. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, APPOST 13

    Agronomic and qualitative performance of some experimental Burley hybrids in Malawi

    CHAMANGO A.M.Z.; SIBANDE L.A.G.O.; MATEWELE M.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    Malawi mainly depends on tobacco for forex generation, with Burley as a major contributor. However, the country has a limited choice of high yielding and disease resistant varieties against a plethora of disease constraints, particularly root-knot ...
  3. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, APPOST 14

    Forestry sustainability in the tobacco sector in Malawi: a community concern requiring community approaches

    OFESI H.K.T.; LIVIMBO S.S.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    Tobacco farmers depend heavily on tree resources for poles and firewood used in curing. Malawi tobacco farmers predominantly grow Burley tobacco which requires the least amount of tree resources per unit volume in comparison to dark-fired and flue-cured ...
  4. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2019, Hamburg, STPOST 58

    A consortium approach for consumer-reported outcome measures to assess tobacco- and nicotine-containing products

    ACQUADRO C.(1) on behalf of the CORESTA CROM Task Force: AYALA-FIERRO F.(2); BLACK R.(3); CAHOURS X.(4); CHREA C.(5); CURTIN G.(6); GILES L.(7); McCAFFREY S.(3); PARK C.H.(8); PRASAD K.(9); SHERWOOD N.(10); SHIFFMAN S.(11); SMITH J.(6); SPIES E.(5)
    (1) Mapi Research Trust, Lyon, France; (2) ITG Brands, Greensboro, NC, U.S.A.; (3) Altria Client Services, Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (4) SEITA - Imperial Brands, Paris, France; (5) Philip Morris Products S.A., Neûchatel, Switzerland; (6) RAIS, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (7) JT Int'l SA, Genève, Switzerland; (8) KT&G Research Institute, Daejeon, Republic of Korea; (9) British American Tobacco, Southampton, U.K.; (10) Neil Sherwood Consulting, Commugny, Switzerland; (11) Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA, U.S.A.
    In the tobacco space, consumer-reported outcome measures (CROM) are essential for understanding motivations, subjective effects, and behavior. Such measures have become particularly important with the advent of candidate modified risk tobacco products ...
  5. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 06

    Effect of biochar fertilizer on microbial functional diversity of tobacco-planting soil

    CHANG Dong; XU Fangda; ZHANG Kai; WANG Xiaoqiang; HE Xiaobing; XU Yueqi; WANG Mingxin; MA Wenhui
    Pingdingshan Tobacco Company of Henan of CNTC, Pingdingshan, Henan, P.R. China
    The structure and function of soil microbial communities have been widely used as indicators of soil quality and fertility. The effect of biochar application on carbon sequestration has been studied, but the effect of biochar fertilizer on soil microbial ...
  6. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 11

    Field trials with low nicotine tobacco varieties developed by conventional breeding technique: first results

    MALPICA A.(1); EVANS W.(2); ARCHIBALD C.(3); SCOTT L.(4); GARWE D.(5); CHAMANGO A.M.Z.(6); DORLHAC de BORNE F.(7); COLARD S.(8)
    (1) Bergerac Seed and Breeding, Bergerac, France; (2) Imperial Tobacco South Africa Pvt. Ltd, Umhlanga, Durban, South Africa; (3) Alliance One International Services, Camberley, Surrey, U.K.; (4) Universal Leaf Tobacco Co., Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (5) Tobacco Research Board (TRB), Harare, Zimbabwe; (6) Agricultural Research & Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi; (7) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Bergerac, France; (8) SEITA - Imperial Brands plc, Paris, France
    In 2015, the World Health Organisation (WHO) Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation (“TobReg”) issued an advisory note recommending a strategy of reducing nicotine in tobacco to substantially lower levels of 0.4 mg/g. In the U.S., the Food and Drug ...
  7. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 22

    Bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) resistant flue-cured hybrids - current Malawi situation

    SIBANDE L.A.G.O.; CHAMANGO A.M.Z.; MATEWERE M.; KHUMBANYIWA A.G.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    In Malawi, flue-cured tobacco production is negatively affected by both aerial and soil borne diseases. Bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) is one of the major soil borne diseases that attack the crop, reducing cured leaf yield and quality. Currently ...
  8. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, ST 52 (also presented at TSRC 2018)also presented at TSRC 2018)

    Consumers’ perceptions of disease-specific modified-risk claims are best evaluated in a disease-specific manner

    SHIFFMAN S.(1); CURTIN G.(2)
    (1) Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA, U.S.A.; (2) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.
    Manufacturers seeking to make claims about modified-risk tobacco products (MRTPs) must assess consumers' perceptions of risk reduction for these products. Claims made for the MRTP and assessment of perceived risk reduction can be global (e.g. &quot ...
  9. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, ST 53 (also presented at TSRC 2018)

    Comparing direct and indirect assessments of perceptions of reduced risk for a modified-risk tobacco product

    SHIFFMAN S.(1); CURTIN G.(2)
    (1) Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA, U.S.A.; (2) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.
    Manufacturers seeking to make claims about modified-risk tobacco products (MRTPs) must assess consumers' perceptions of absolute and relative risks for these products. We cross-validate data from two methods: (a) indirect assessments based on the ...