Search Results

117 results

  1. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, AP 14

    Field tests of loss-of-function tobacco lines of eIF(iso)4E for resistance to tobacco bushy top disease and agronomic traits

    KOGA K.(1); SHINJO A.(1); MAINJENI C.E.D.(2); MSANGOSOKO K.R.(2); UDAGAWA H.(1); TAKAKURA Y.(1)
    (1) Japan Tobacco Inc., Leaf Tobacco Research Center, Oyama, Tochigi, Japan; (2) Agricultural Research and Extension Trust, Department of Research and Technical Services, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Tobacco bushy top disease (TBTD) is one of the serious diseases affecting tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) production in African countries such as Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania and Ethiopia. This disease is caused by a mixed infection of tobacco bushy top virus ...
  2. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, APPOST 13

    Agronomic and qualitative performance of some experimental Burley hybrids in Malawi

    CHAMANGO A.M.Z.; SIBANDE L.A.G.O.; MATEWELE M.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    Malawi mainly depends on tobacco for forex generation, with Burley as a major contributor. However, the country has a limited choice of high yielding and disease resistant varieties against a plethora of disease constraints, particularly root-knot ...
  3. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2019, Victoria Falls, APPOST 14

    Forestry sustainability in the tobacco sector in Malawi: a community concern requiring community approaches

    OFESI H.K.T.; LIVIMBO S.S.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    Tobacco farmers depend heavily on tree resources for poles and firewood used in curing. Malawi tobacco farmers predominantly grow Burley tobacco which requires the least amount of tree resources per unit volume in comparison to dark-fired and flue-cured ...
  4. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 11

    Field trials with low nicotine tobacco varieties developed by conventional breeding technique: first results

    MALPICA A.(1); EVANS W.(2); ARCHIBALD C.(3); SCOTT L.(4); GARWE D.(5); CHAMANGO A.M.Z.(6); DORLHAC de BORNE F.(7); COLARD S.(8)
    (1) Bergerac Seed and Breeding, Bergerac, France; (2) Imperial Tobacco South Africa Pvt. Ltd, Umhlanga, Durban, South Africa; (3) Alliance One International Services, Camberley, Surrey, U.K.; (4) Universal Leaf Tobacco Co., Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; (5) Tobacco Research Board (TRB), Harare, Zimbabwe; (6) Agricultural Research & Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi; (7) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Bergerac, France; (8) SEITA - Imperial Brands plc, Paris, France
    In 2015, the World Health Organisation (WHO) Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation (“TobReg”) issued an advisory note recommending a strategy of reducing nicotine in tobacco to substantially lower levels of 0.4 mg/g. In the U.S., the Food and Drug ...
  5. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Agronomy/Phytopathology Groups, APPOST 22

    Bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) resistant flue-cured hybrids - current Malawi situation

    SIBANDE L.A.G.O.; CHAMANGO A.M.Z.; MATEWERE M.; KHUMBANYIWA A.G.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    In Malawi, flue-cured tobacco production is negatively affected by both aerial and soil borne diseases. Bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) is one of the major soil borne diseases that attack the crop, reducing cured leaf yield and quality. Currently ...
  6. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, ST 25

    Misperception of e-cigarette harm growing among American adults, 2013-2015

    VERRON T.(1); GUO M.(1); VARIGNON B.(1); O'CONNELL G.(2); WALELE T.(2); CAHOURS X.(1)
    (1) SEITA - Imperial Brands plc, Paris, France; (2) Fontem Ventures B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Electronic cigarettes (e cigarettes) have been characterised as significantly less harmful than smoked tobacco by an increasing number of public health authorities. However, the proportion of American adults who perceive e cigarettes to be equally or more ...
  7. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, STPOST 52

    Biological test procedure for fresh generated cigarette smoke and e-cigarette aerosols under air-liquid interface (ALI) exposure in 24 and 96 multi-well plates

    WIECZOREK R.(1); TRELLES STICKEN E.(1); WALELE T.(2); CZEKALA L.(3); SIMMS L.(3)
    (1) Reemtsma Cigarettenfabriken GmbH, Imperial Brands plc, Hamburg, Germany; (2) Fontem Ventures, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; (3) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Bristol, U.K.
    Cigarette smoke and e cigarette aerosol contain particulate matter/liquid droplets in the solid phase as well as volatile substances in the gas phase. Both fractions are of potential toxicological relevance and should be considered when assessing ...
  8. CORESTA Congress, Kunming, 2018, Smoke Science/Product Technology Groups, STPOST 53

    Use of human derived cell lines to increase the biological relevance of cigarette condensate, non-tobacco materials and e-liquids testing

    WIECZOREK R.(1); TRELLES STICKEN E.(1); WALELE T.(2); CZEKALA L.(3); SIMMS L.(3)
    (1) Reemtsma Cigarettenfabriken GmbH, Imperial Brands plc, Hamburg, Germany; (2) Fontem Ventures, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; (3) Imperial Tobacco Limited, Bristol, U.K.
    The in vitro testing strategy of tobacco products is mainly based on the testing of extracts from cigarette smoke condensates. An accepted industry wide assay battery has been developed over recent years which delivers reliable results for the ...
  9. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, AP 15

    Effect of priming as a practice for improving yield and quality of flue-cured tobacco in Malawi

    MTONGA Y.P.; MUMBA J.B.; GOMONDA R.W.J.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    Priming of leaves improves yield and quality of flue-cured tobacco. A field experiment was conducted at three locations in Malawi during the 2013 to 2016 cropping seasons. The aim was to investigate the effect of priming bottom leaves on yield and quality ...
  10. CORESTA Meeting, Agronomy/Phytopathology, 2017, Santa Cruz do Sul, AP 21

    Polypot system: a cost saving practice for improved tobacco seedling quality in Malawi

    MTONGA Y.P.; MUMBA J.B.; GOMONDA R.W.J.
    Agricultural Research and Extension Trust (ARET), Lilongwe, Malawi
    This trial investigated a tobacco seedling production system known as the Polypot which is a slight variant of the Motherbed. It aimed to evaluate the effectiveness, benefits and challenges of the Polypot in relation to the other seedling production ...