1. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2018, 72, abstr. 076

    Do levels of menthol in mainstream cigarette smoke influence dependence? Data from NHANES 2007-2014

    PARMS T.(1); VAN LANDINGHAM C.(2); MARANO K.M.(1)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) Ramboll, Monroe, LA, USA
    A 2013 preliminary scientific evaluation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) concluded that menthol in cigarettes is likely associated with increased initiation and progression to regular cigarette smoking, increased dependence, and reduced ...
  2. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2017, Kitzbühel, ST 40

    FDA’s proposed NNN product standard: review of the scientific evidence

    MARANO K.M.(1); BACHAND A.(2); LIU C.(1); SULSKY S.(2); MARIANO G.(2); CURTIN G.M.(1); PARMS T.(1); GREEN T.(3); GENTRY P.R.(3)
    (1) RAI Services Co., Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.; (2) Ramboll Environ US Corp., Amherst, MA, U.S.A.; (3) Ramboll Environ, Monroe, LA, U.S.A.
    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has published a proposed standard of 1 µg/g (dry weight) N-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) in finished smokeless tobacco products. FDA’s rationale for the standard is that NNN is a potent carcinogen, NNN is a major ...
  3. CORESTA Meeting, Smoke Science/Product Technology, 2017, Kitzbühel, STPOST 24

    FDA’s proposed N-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) Standard: epidemiological evidence

    PARMS T.(1); SULSKY S.(2); MARIANO G.(2); MARANO K.M.(1)
    RAI Services Co., Winston-Salem, NC, U.S.A.
    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has advanced a proposed product standard of 1 µg/g N-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) content in finished smokeless tobacco (ST) products, citing selected findings from epidemiology to support the proposed limit. The ...
  4. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2017, 71, abstr. 056

    Epidemiological evidence and FDS’s proposed NNN standard

    PARMS T.(1); SULKSY S.(2); MARIANO G.(3); MARANO K.M.(1)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) Ramboll Environ, Amherst, MA, USA; (3) Ramboll Environ, Arlington, VA, USA
    The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has advanced a proposed product standard of 1µg/g N-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) content in finished smokeless tobacco (ST) products, citing selected findings from epidemiology to support the proposed limit. An ...
  5. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2017, 71, abstr. 068

    The scientific evidence for the proposed NNN standard

    MARANO K.M.(1); LIU C.(1); CURTIN G.M.(1); PARMS T.(1); BACHAND A.(2); SULSKY S.I.(2); MARIANO G.(2); GREENE T.(3); GENTRY P.R.(3)
    (1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC; USA; (2) Ramboll Environ, Amherst, MA, USA; (3) Ramboll Environ, Monroe, LA, USA
    The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published a proposed standard of 1 µg/g (dry weight) N-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) in finished smokeless tobacco (ST) products. FDA’s rationale for the standard is that NNN is a potent carcinogen, NNN is a major ...