TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2017, 71, abstr. 057
AKR1C1 as a biomarker for differentiating the biological effects of combustible from non-combustible tobacco products
(1) RAI Services Company, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; (2) Axio Research, Seattle, WA, USA; (3) University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA
Smoking has been established as a major risk factor for developing oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), but less attention has been paid to the effects of smokeless tobacco products. Our objective is to identify potential biomarkers to distinguish the ...