Beitr. Tabakforsch. Int./Contrib. Tob. Research, 2006, 22-3, p. 147-175., ISSN.0173-783X
Biomarkers derived from nicotine and its metabolites: a review
Philip Morris Products SA, R&D, Neuchâtel, Switzerland.
Nicotine is the major alkaloid present in tobacco and the most frequently determined compound as a biomarker of tobacco exposure in both smokers and non-smokers exposed to environmental tobacco smoke. Current knowledge on the human metabolism and ...