1. TSRC, Tob. Sci. Res. Conf., 2016, 70, abstr. 23

    Reductions in biomarkers of exposure (BoE) to harmful or potentially harmful constituents (HPHCs) following partial or complete substitution of cigarettes with electronic cigarettes in adult smokers

    O’CONNELL G.(1); GRAFF D.W.(2); D’RUIZ C.(3)
    (1) Fontem Ventures B.V, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; (2) Celerion Inc, Lincoln, NE, USA; (3) Fontem Ventures B.V Greensboro, NC, USA
    Changes in fifteen urine, blood and exhaled breath BoEs of HPHCs representing classes of compounds reported by FDA to be significant contributors to smoking-associated disease risks were measured in 105 clinical-confined subjects following randomization ...